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of Mehmandost, from a river which divided  the two
The Second Defeat of the Afghans at Murchakhar, A.H.
1141 (1729).—The defeated army retired on Isfahan,
where Ashraf collected all the families and property of
the Afghans into the fort Then, taking up an entrenched
position at Murchakhar, thirty-six miles to the north, he
prepared to fight a decisive battle for his throne.
Nadir prevailed on Tahmasp to remain at Damghan,
and himself marched south from Teheran. Hailed as
the deliverer of Iran, he was joined by hundreds of men
anxious to be in at the death of the invaders. He found
the Afghans in a strong position, but their numbers were
small and Nadir's victorious tribesmen would suffer no
denial. The Afghans fought bravely, but, after losing
four thousand men, broke and fled to Isfahan. There
they prepared for flight, and before sunrise a huge caravan
carrying their families and treasure left Isfahan for Shiraz.
The helpless Husayn was put to death by Ashraf before
he departed.
The Reoccupation of Isfahan.—Nadir did not follow up
the defeated army into Isfahan, for reasons which remain
obscure. Not until he heard of the flight of the Afghans
did he despatch a body of troops to take possession of
the palace, and he dekyed his own entry into the capital
until three days after his victory. His arrival was the
signal for the destruction of the mausoleum erected over
Mahmud, whose corpse was disinterred. The tomb was
made a repository for filth by the instructions of Nadir,
who little thought that his own resting-place would one
day receive like treatment. Tahmasp, who had followed
the Persian army to Teheran, made his entry into Isfahan
shortly after Nadir, and we read that he burst into tears
as he visited the defaced palaces of the Safavis. A
dramatic surprise was in store for the young Shah, who
was suddenly greeted by his mother. She had disguised
herself as a slave, and for a period of seven years had
acted her part without being discovered.
The Final Rout of the Afghans^ A.H. 1142 (1730).—
The Afghans were allowed ample time to rally at Shiran